Findings/solutions to the gang problem as revealed at the June, 2005,
National Youth Gang Symposium.
Many of the sites described below are to model prevention and intervention
programs, others offer information and
materials useful for reducing gang activity, youth violence, and delinquency
in a neighborhood or community. Email contact can be made with most of the sites
linked to this page meaning additional information may be obtained.
Guns, Gangs, and Violent Youth
The National Gang Center
A well-spring of information about gangs with links to
all kinds of useful and current information.
Out" Gang Homicides and Street Assaults
The use of a deceptively simple tactic, traffic
barriers, to block automobile access to streets as a way of reducing gang
violence. The tactic was used in a crime-plagued area of Los Angeles that
had experienced the city's highest level of drive-by shootings, gang
homicides, and street assaults.
Alternatives to Incarceration: This compendium of
successful community-based programs should prove a valuable tool for juvenile justice
professionals seeking appropriate prevention and treatment programs in order
to deter future delinquency.
The programs reviewed include Academic,
Education, Behavior Management, Community Service, Control / Monitoring,
Crisis Intervention, Education/Employment, Individual / Family / Group /
Counseling, Intensive Probation, Mediation, Mentoring, Milieu Management,
Outdoor Activity, Reality Therapy, Recreation / Fitness, Referrals, Sex
Offender Treatment, Shoplifting Awareness, Skill Development, Special
Education, Substance Abuse Treatment, Therapeutic Milieu treatment, Use of
Speakers, and Vocational Training.
Use by Male Juveniles: Research and Prevention
Illegal gun ownership and use among juveniles and gang
members are the focus of public concern and of this Bulletin. Efforts
to reduce the illegal carrying of guns by youth and juvenile gun violence
are described, in particular the Boston Gun Initiative (Operation
Cease Fire), the Office of
Community Oriented Policing Services’ Youth Firearms Violence Initiative,
and OJJDP’s Partnerships To Reduce Juvenile Gun Violence Program.
Gun Violence: The Boston Gun Project's Operation
The Boston Gun Project Working Group began meeting in
January 1995. By the fall of that year, the Project's basic problem
assessment had been completed and the elements of what is now known as the
Operation Ceasefire intervention mapped out; implementation began in early
1996. The two main elements of Ceasefire were a direct law enforcement
attack on illicit firearms traffickers supplying youths with guns and an
attempt to generate a strong deterrent to gang violence. You can learn about
Strategies to Reduce Gun Violence.
Prevention, Intervention, and
The National Gang Center
A well-spring of information about gangs with links to
all kinds of useful and current information.
Tested Strategies to Prevent Crimes in Small Cities, Counties, and Rural
This book, one of the few materials linked to this page
which is not free, is a resource for law enforcement, city and county
government officials, school systems, the faith community, social services,
and business leaders in small communities who are searching for innovative
ways to prevent crime even as their communities grow and change.
Community Comparison of Youth Gang Prevention Strategies
This paper discusses how two small Midwestern cities
responded to the emergence of youth gangs and how a local university became
a community resource in addressing the problem.
World of Prevention
See what the State of Texas has done in order to
address many of the forces which cause gangs to form (i.e., abuse,
neglect, substance abuse) and some youths to join them. Does your
community or state provide similar assistance?
Community Gang Problems: A Model for Problem Solving
The model described in this 1999 document can assist
local communities in addressing gang problems by focusing on a comprehensive
strategy for preventing and controlling street-gang drug trafficking and
related violent crime with components ranging from prevention to
suppression. Police, other law enforcement agencies, and numerous public and
private organizations can implement this prototype.
Community Gang Problems: A Practical Guide
This publication provides guidelines for
agencies and community groups to develop individualized responses to local
gang problems. This practical manual provides a foundation for
understanding the diverse nature of gangs, the problems they pose and the
harm they cause, and the two analytical models for addressing gang-related
OJJDP Report on Delinquency and Gangs
This is a summary of various studies undertaken by
the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP)
concerning very young offenders and the causes of offending. It also
provides a review of some of the latest research related to solving the
Practices of Youth Violence
Best Practices is the first of its kind to look at
the effectiveness of specific violence prevention practices in four key areas:
parents and families; home visiting; social and conflict resolution skills;
and mentoring. These
programs are drawn from real-world experiences of professionals and advocates
who have successfully worked to prevent violence among children and
Boys and Girls
Clubs of America
In every community, boys and girls are left to find their
own recreation and companionship in the streets. An increasing number of
children are at home with no adult care or supervision. Young people need to
know that someone cares about them. Boys & Girls Clubs offer programs and
services promote and enhance the development of boys and girls by instilling a
sense of competence, usefulness, belonging and influence.
Effective Community Partnerships
This forty-page, online booklet was prepared by the Institute
for Educational Leadership for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
Prevention. It not only suggests ways in which effective community partnerships
can be built, it provides examples of them (including Safe Futures and other
programs for at-risk and high-risk youth).
Mentor Foundation (of interest to anyone interested in mentoring)
The California Mentor Foundation (CMF) is not only
supporting quality mentoring in California, it is actively supporting other
states' efforts to launch mentor initiatives. The CMF was created to invite
and support all California residents to join the mentoring movement. In
partnership with the California Mentor Initiative the CMF has succeeded in
achieving the first five year goal of recruiting a quarter of a million new
mentors. Our second five year goal is to recruit one million new mentors.
Camp Fire USA is one of the nation's leading
not-for-profit youth development organizations, serving over 650,000
participants annually. Camp Fire USA, with national headquarters in Kansas
City, Mo., provides all-inclusive, coeducational programs in hundreds of
communities across the United States.
for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV)
CSPV has a threefold mission. First, the
House serves to collect research literature and resources on the causes and
prevention of violence and provides direct information services to the public by
offering topical searches on customized databases. Second, CSPV offers
assistance for the evaluation and development of violence prevention
programs. Third, CSPV maintains a basic
component through data analysis and other projects on the causes of violence and
the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs.
Delinquency: Early Intervention and Prevention
This "report draws on hundreds of studies to describe
the developmental course of child delinquency and delineate key risk and
protective factors. It also identifies effective and promising prevention
and intervention programs that help reduce the incidence of delinquency
while offering significant cost savings to society."
Youth Agency Model
Irving Spergel, one of the nation's premier gang
experts, proposes a six-fold
mission for youth agencies intending to serve gang youth: 1)
socialization, 2) education, 3) family support, 4) training and employment,
5) social control, and 6) community mobilization and agency coordination.
Mobilization: Technical Assistance Manual
The purpose of this manual, only one in a series of
manuals, is to present detailed steps for the control and reduction of youth
gang crime, especially gang- motivated violence. The manual seeks to provide
governmental authorities, criminal justice organizations, social agencies,
and community groups with strategies that encourage gang-prone and
gang-involved youth to terminate criminal activity and participate in
legitimate social, academic, and employment pursuits.
This is the web site created and maintained by the
University of Kansas Work Group on Health Promotion and Community Development
in Lawrence, KS, and AHEC/Community Partners in Amherst, Massachusetts. The
site has been on line since 1995, and it continues to grow on a weekly basis.
Currently, the core of the Tool Box is the "toolkits." These how-to sections use simple, friendly language to
explain how to do the different tasks necessary for community health and
development. For instance, there are sections on leadership, strategic
planning, community assessment, advocacy, grant writing, and evaluation to
give just a few examples.
Gang formation was explained in Into the Abyss, in part,
as a result of child abuse and neglect,
parental involvement. The web page to which you will be taken here
provides access to useful and practical information on how to alleviate some
of these causes.
Explanations for Vietnamese Youth Involvement in Street Gangs
This article concerns itself with how to prevent
Vietnamese youth involvement in gangs. Suggestions as to how to accomplish
this are reviewed.
a Gang Prevention Program
This report describes the first operating year of Project
Support, a 3-year gang/drug prevention program aimed at elementary students in
six inner city schools in the Los Angeles Unified School District. The project
involves the implementation of nine strategies described in the research
literature as being effective in drug/gang prevention.
ERIC Clearinghouse on "Youth Gangs"
The ERIC Clearinghouse is part of the Educational
Resource Information Center, an excellent source of all kinds of information.
In this case, the site is about gangs and sometimes has featured articles on
solutions to gang-related problems. Type in the keywords "youth gangs" at
Crime: Invest in Kids
Fight Crime: Invest in Kids is a bipartisan, nonprofit
anti-crime organization led by police chiefs, sheriffs, prosecutors, victims
of violence and leaders of police officer associations. The mission of the
organization is to take a hard-nosed, skeptical look at the research about
what really works––and what doesn’t- work-––to keep kids from
becoming criminals. We then put that information in the hands of policy-makers
and the public. Among the strategies proven to be effective are school
readiness and early childhood development programs, good schools, after-school
programs and prevention of child abuse, as well as programs that nip
delinquency in the bud by getting troubled kids back on track.
Worth's (TX) Program, A Gang Intervention
Program Sponsored by the Boys and Girls Clubs of America [scroll down
the site to the two Programs described below]
This Gang Intervention Program is one of many gang
reduction projects sponsored by the Boys and Girls Clubs of America and
one which could be used in your community. It is directed at youth between
the ages of 12-21 who are involved in gang activity.
On the same page you can scroll down to "The
Little Village Gang Violence Reduction Project," a
Chicago-based program which you may wish to explore.
Gangs: A Handbook for Teachers and Counselors Working with Immigrant Students.
This handbook provides information about gangs for
education professionals working with immigrants. As the introduction makes
clear, gangs are one of the many problems that newly arrived immigrants face
in their neighborhoods and at school in the United States. Following the
introduction, the first section describes the types of gangs including
social gangs, delinquent gangs, and violent gangs.
The second section
explains gang ethnicity for the following groups: (1) Latino gangs; (2)
Black gangs; (3) predominantly White gangs; and (4) Asian gangs. The third
section lists and discusses reasons for gang membership, which include
identity, protection, fellowship, and intimidation. A general profile of
gang-related youth lists family, personal, community, and school related
Examples of gang activities are described, including
drive-by-shootings, graffiti, robbery and aggravated assault, and drug use.
A chart that is designed to show youth the long-term negative educational
and life consequences of gang membership is presented. Also listed are ways
teachers can help, gang slang with "translation," common gang hand-signs,
and selected community resources.
"Despite their high profile in the media, relatively
few young people join gangs; even in highly impacted areas, the degree of
participation has rarely exceeded 10 percent. In addition, it has been
reported that less than 2 percent of all juvenile crime is gang-related.
"Such low numbers, however, may camouflage the
impact that the presence of gangs has on a school. For one thing, they play a
significant role in the widespread increase of violence in the schools;
indeed, school violence has steadily increased since a 1978 National Institute
of Education study, Violent Schools-Safe Schools, found that school-aged
children were at a higher risk of suffering from violence in school than
Gangs in Schools: Signs, Symbols, and Solutions.
The first part of this book describes juvenile gangs in
schools and provides information to help recognize gang presence. The second
part focuses on effective interventions to deal with the gang problem. An
introduction describes the history and current status of youth gangs in the
United States to set the stage for the subsequent exploration of gang
Chapter 1, "District, School, and Classroom
Characteristics," describes gang membership-promoting and
membership-inhibiting characteristics of schools and suggests ways to
enhance factors that discourage gang membership. Chapter 2, "Signs and
Symbols," describes and illustrates signifiers of gang membership.
chapter 3, "Becoming a Gang Member," the process of joining a gang and some
of the reasons adolescents and young adults join gangs are described.
Chapter 4, "Ethnic Gangs," reviews the formation of gangs based on ethnicity
and highlights the role of the school in educating potential gang members.
Chapter 5, "Gang Violence," outlines the nature and sources of gang violence
and its diversity of expression and suggests its impact on society at large.
Chapter 6 begins the discussion of effective intervention by considering
"Desirable Program Characteristics."
In chapter 7, "Controlling the School
Environment," school responses to the gang presence, including facilities
modification and security practices, are discussed. Chapter 8, "In-School
and Community Enrichment Solutions," focuses on enrichment as a supplement
The concluding chapter notes that the gang situation in the
United States is not likely to improve without concerted efforts on the
parts of schools and communities.
Membership, Delinquent Peers, and Delinquent Behavior
This useful document presents the results of
programs conducted in various cities which attempted to reduce gang activity.
One of the focuses of attention was risk- and protective factors.
Gang Outreach is a faith-based, award
winning, multi-racial, multi-cultural gang prevention and intervention program
in Lake County, Illinois, providing services designed to positively influence
the lives of at-risk youth in four areas: Developmentally, Emotionally,
Socially and Spiritually.
Problems and Gang Programs in a National Sample of Schools
This study describes students' involvement
with gangs, characteristics of students who are involved with gangs, and the extent
and correlates of gang problems in schools. It also describes what and how
much is being done in schools to prevent or reduce gang-related problems and
how to assess such prevention and intervention efforts.
Gang Resistance Education and Training
The G.R.E.A.T. program is taught by
specially trained law enforcement personnel to students in the third through
sixth grades and is a nationwide effort to use education to discourage youth
from participating in gang activity. You can visit
the sites of a few of the cities which have a G.R.E.A.T. program in place.
Online help for gang members who'd like to
get out of the gang life. Explore the life stories of others who have
successfully left the gang life.
Suppression and Intervention: Community Models
This is the first comprehensive national
survey of organized agency and community group responses to gang problems
in the U.S. It outlines a comprehensive gang prevention and intervention
model based upon the researchers' national assessment.
The companion booklet for the document
above is entitled "Implementing
the OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model." The OJJDP (or
"Spergel") Model includes five strategies for dealing with
gang-involved youth and their communities. These strategies are:
mobilizing community leaders and residents to plan, strengthen, or
create new opportunities or linkages to existing organizations for
gang-involved and at-risk youth;
(2) using outreach workers to
engage gang-involved youth;
(3) providing and facilitating
access to academic, economic, and social opportunities;
(4) conducting gang suppression
activities and holding gang-involved youth accountable; and
(5) facilitating organizational
change and development to help community agencies better address
gang problems through a team "problem-solving" approach
that is consistent with the philosophy of community oriented
Suppression and Intervention: Problem and Response
This report, used in several different
Chapters in Into the Abyss, summarizes a variety of reports and
reviews community and organizational responses to gangs and examines
"promising approaches for combating the gang problem."
Out of a Gang
Here's a good read for someone thinking about
getting out of the gang
with which he or she affiliates. The
website offers an opportunity for gang members to explore the possibility of
leaving their gang. Need
reason to get out of a gang?
Implementing the Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic
The Comprehensive Strategy and this 269-page Guide are
important resources for communities interested in identifying and implementing
solutions to growing juvenile violence by creating a more effective juvenile
justice system. The Guide was prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and
Delinquency Prevention in 1995 and edited by James C. Howell. Copies are
available from that Office.
from Gangs: The Mexican-American Experience
This article discusses the origins of Mexican-American
gangs, the gang subculture, and what can be learned from our experience of
A Gang Prevention Strategy
This article talks about mediation between two gang
groups. The groups "were not hard-core business gangs," but
"groups...in the early gang formation stages." Communication
between them was hampered by cultural and gender differences; they were
divided racially and one group had female participants, while the other was
male dominated. The escalation of the conflict between the two groups
reached a high level of violence: four people were stabbed and several
beaten. Mediation was needed. Other mediation sites include The
School Mediator's Field Guide and the
Barbara (CA) Pro-Youth Coalition. You can also visit the homepage of the National
Association for Community Mediation.
Programs for At-Risk Youth
This informative site provides a list of materials of use
to those interested in mentoring at-risk youth. It also includes links to
additional web sites on mentoring.
Against Gang Wars
Mothers Against Gang Wars is dedicated to ending gang
violence and the destruction of youth. Here you will find information about
the organization, what they do, and how you can help make a difference.
Prevention Council (NCPC)
The National Crime Prevention Council offers
several brochures on a variety of topics including how to reduce violence and crime in your community. They
also offer conferences and other programs in which you may have an interest.
The NCPC also has a Site Map which provides you with an opportunity to
obtain a wide variety of related literature
Youth Employment Coalition
The National Youth Employment Coalition (NYEC) is a
nonpartisan national organization dedicated to promoting policies and initiatives
which help youth succeed in becoming lifelong learners, productive workers,
and self-sufficient citizens. The organization is dedicated to:
and improving the capacity and effectiveness of youth-serving organizations to
affect youth development through employment, education and training;
the staff and leadership capacity of youth serving organizations; and influencing
and informing the development of public policy through research, information,
advocacy and coalition-building
Violence Prevention Center
The National Youth Violence Prevention Resource
Center was established as a central source of information on prevention
and intervention programs, publications, research, and statistics on violence
committed by and against children and teens. The Resource Center is a
collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention and
other Federal agencies. You can visit the center's website (above) or call
center toll free at 1-866-SAFEYOUTH (723-3968). The phone number serves as a
user-friendly, single point of access to Federal information on youth violence
prevention and suicide.
Approaches Needed to Discourage Gang
A new study confirms
that parental behavior can affect how likely teenagers are to join a gang or
participate in gang delinquency. But the study also reveals that the same
behaviors that discourage gang activity in teens from one ethnic group might
have no effect, or even encourage gang activity, in teens from a different
ethnic group. The same research indicates that gang intervention programs,
which often focus on teens' peer relationships, could be more effective if
they also addressed the parent-teen relationship.
Partnership for Children
Some communities are developing "report
cards" on the well-being of their youth (example).
In the case of Kansas City's (MO) Partnership for Children, the report card
is used to focus community attention on problems which lead, among other
things, to gang activity.
Alternatives for Hispanic Youth
Use your computer's FIND command (under EDIT in your tool
box at the top of your screen or hold down the CTRL key (or Apple key if you
are on a Mac) then press the F key (for Find). When the FIND box opens on
your screen, type in the word "Hispanic" and you will find several contacts
for programs offering positive alternative activities for Hispanic youth.
Adolescent Gang Involvement
After describing the key characteristics of youth
gangs, this document examines risk factors for gang membership, including
individual and family demographics, personal attributes, and peer group,
school, and community factors.
Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn't, What's Promising
A report to the U.S. Congress prepared by the National
Institute of Justice. Scroll down the home page to select from a variety of
topics such as "Communities and Crime Prevention," "Family-Based Crime
Prevention," "School-Based Crime Prevention," "Preventing Crime at Places,"
and much more.
Gang prevention strategies are presented and
illustrated with examples of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention
programs. Primary prevention targets the entire at-risk population, while
secondary prevention focuses on those identified as being at greatest risk
for delinquency. Finally, tertiary prevention efforts involve juvenile
offenders and youth gang members.
This compendium of successful programs should prove a
valuable tool for juvenile justice professionals seeking appropriate
prevention and treatment programs in order to deter future delinquency.
Violence Prevention Programs
The Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence has
identified a host of "promising programs," programs which have a
proven track record of being effective in reducing violence.
Drug Free Schools Program
The Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program is the United
States government's primary vehicle for reducing drug, alcohol and tobacco
use, and violence, through education and prevention activities in our
nation's schools. This program is designed to prevent violence in and around
schools, and strengthen programs that prevent the illegal use of alcohol,
tobacco, and drugs, involve parents, and are coordinated with related
Federal, State and community efforts and resources.
Safety Zone is an affiliate of the National Resource
Center for Safe Schools. This site provides links to a variety of
publications they offer which highlight successful
violence prevention programs.
SROs can be an invaluable asset for the schools they serve.
They initiate and nurture relationships with students, teachers, parents, and
administrators in an effort to create a safe and caring environment for
everyone in the school. They offer in-class and extracurricular programs which
foster the development of pro-social values, attitudes, and behavior.
The motto of this wonderful organization is "Raising
Caring and Responsible Children and Teenagers." Search Institute is an
independent, nonprofit, nonsectarian organization whose mission is to advance
the well-being of adolescents and children by generating knowledge and
promoting its application. To accomplish this mission, the institute
generates, synthesizes, and communicates new knowledge, convenes
organizational and community leaders, and works with state and national
Unica! ¡Soy Latina!
There are almost 7 million Hispanic girls under the age
of 18 living in the United States today. They face higher rates of
pregnancy, depression and suicide than any racial or ethnic group. This
bilingual public education campaign is designed to help them build
self-esteem and assertiveness, and to keep them healthy and drug-free.
Bullying is one of the most underrated and
enduring problems in schools today and is a reality in the lives of all
children, whether they are bullies, victims or witnesses. Teachers, students,
support staff, parents and administrators need to work as a team to take
action against bullying.
to Children About Violence and Other Sensitive and Complex Issues in the World
This guide explores some of
the questions that parents and teachers ask most frequently about ways to have
discussions about violence and events such as the attacks on the World Trade
Center and Pentagon on September 11, 2001, and the bombing of
of Violent Offending and Risk Status in Adolescence and Early Adulthood
This study investigated violent offending in
adolescence and early adulthood with an aim of building practical knowledge
to guide prevention programs and policies. The study examined risk factors
that influence violent offending and described how offending and risk levels
change over adolescence and into early adulthood.
More than 700 participants attended a national conference
on truancy held in Washington, DC, on December 6–8, 2004. "Partnering To
Prevent Truancy: A National Priority" was cosponsored by the U.S.
Departments of Justice and Education.
Recognizing that truancy is a complex problem and that
focusing on attendance alone is not enough, the conference organizers
highlighted efforts to address the "three A's"—school Attendance,
Attachment, and Achievement.
Street Gang Enforcement
This guide for police suggests that
"Although effective law enforcement is critical, it
represents only one element of a community's efforts to eliminate criminal
street gangs. A comprehensive approach is required--residents, prevention
specialists, private businesses and organizations, schools, and others must
The Urban Leadership Institute is dedicated to the
education and empowerment of urban youth by providing training and workshops
to young people as well as the professionals who work with them and
organizations that provide programs and activities for them.
Many residents of high-crime areas of our
nation's inner cities are virtual prisoners in their own homes because of
youth violence. The National Center for Neighborhood Enterprise (NCNE)
reports that it has found an effective solution they call
"Violence-Free Zones." NCNE supports grassroots leaders within
high-crime neighborhoods in five cities, who have effectively reached out to
street gang members and warring "crews" and have transformed
violence-prone youths into ambassadors of peace.
Prevention and Reduction
Learn about tips for teacher safety, how to use
discipline to prevent violence, how to keep classrooms violence-free, how to
break up a fight, and much more.
Working Together To Erase Gangs in Our Schools
A common misconception about gangs is that they
resemble past images of motorcycle riders. Society is now faced with what
are called "hybrid" gangs whose members are usually 14 to 16 years of age,
who dress conservatively, who display subtle gang identifiers, and who are
motivated by a combination of profit and poor family life. This booklet
contains information to help teachers identify gang members and gang
activities on their campus. The first step to solving gang problems is to be
aware that they do exist. Teachers are essential to gang intervention and
prevention because of the amount of time children spend in the classroom
each day. Some of these students can be saved from a life of crime if they
are diverted from gang activities at an early age. Some of the topics
covered in this booklet are definitions; types of gangs; gang awareness in
the classroom; gang attire, tattoos, graffiti, and hand signals; and
language. Further discussion is offered on why kids join gangs and the
various types of gangs present in society, such as delinquent youth-gangs,
traditional turf-based gangs, gain-oriented gangs, and violent/hate gangs.
Finally, suggestions are given as to what schools can do to limit gang
activities. (See the
Youth Build is a comprehensive youth and community
development program as well as an alternative school. Designed to run on a
12-month cycle, it offers job training, education, counseling, and leadership
development opportunities to unemployed and out-of-school young adults, ages
16-24, through the construction and rehabilitation of affordable housing in
their own communities. Many graduates go on to construction-related jobs or
college. Alumni receive
post-program counseling. The buildings that are rehabilitated or constructed
during the program are usually owned and managed by community-based
organizations as permanent low-income housing.
Gang Consortium Survey of Federal Gang Programs
This overview identifies key federal activities and
programs designed to impact the growing problem of youth gangs in America
through prevention, intervention, and suppression initiatives.
Gang Programs and Strategies
Among the most significant programs
discussed are prevention
programs, and suppression
programs. Strategies reviewed include strategies
using multiple techniques, multiagency
approaches to gang problems, and gang-related legislation.
Gangs: An Overview
While you may enjoy reading the entire 20
pages of this article, I'd like to draw your attention to the Solutions
section of it located on page 13.
Gangs in America: An Overview of Suppression, Intervention, and Prevention
This document discusses the Gang Resistance
Education and Training (GREAT) program (taught in elementary- and middle
schools by specially trained law enforcement personnel, Fort Worth's (TX) Comin'
Up Program, and the Little Village Gang Violence Reduction Project.
Youth Gang Programs and Strategies
Because of the wealth of information available in this
booklet, I have included its Table of Contents below. Click on any item of
interest and you will be taken to that portion of the document or click here
to get to the front page of the document.