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Arden Miller, Ph.D

Professor of Psychology
Missouri State University


Psychological Statistical Methods




Unit 6: Hypothesis Testing: Known Parameters, Means of Samples

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Objectives and Lecture Notes
Reading Assignment: Aron Chapter 5

1. Recognize what is meant by to a normal distribution of means and convert parameters from a normal distribution of scores to a normal distribution of means with a given number in the samples. 

2. Use population parameters and the observed mean of a sample to test a hypothesis.

3. Compute a confidence interval for means of a sample from population parameters.

4. Consider the uses of confidence intervals rather than or in addition to hypothesis tests.

5. Debate the merits of considering marginally significant findings.


1. Hypothesis test with SEM
2. Confidence Intervals with SEM
3. Q&A SEM